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House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan on Tuesday not only sparked threats and sanctions from China, but also raised the question of where countries stand when it comes to Taiwan.

Taiwan, officially called the Republic of China (RoC), is a multi-island region of 23.78 million people in the western Pacific Ocean. Taiwan has had a separate government from mainland China since 1949, claiming the island as its own territory and vowing repeatedly that it will defend itself against any possible aggression from China.

Taiwan’s sovereignty has created tensions with China, where the government recognizes the island not as an independent country but as an insurgent province.

China has not ruled out the use of military force against the island, and the defense ministry recently said it “would not hesitate to go to war,” Agence France-Presse reported. China is holding a series of military exercises in the South China Sea from August 2-6 during Pelosi’s Asia trip.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan on Tuesday raised the question of where countries stand when it comes to Taiwan. Above, an aerial view shows Taiwanese naval vessels (foreground) in Keelung Harbor on August 4, 2022, as China conducts military exercises around Taiwan.
Photo by SAM YEH/CEN via Getty Images

The US does not officially recognize Taiwan as an independent country under the One China policy, but has repeatedly vowed to help the island protect itself from potential attacks. The US recognized Taiwan’s independence for 30 years after the Chinese Civil War, according to the World Population Review, before Washington officially cut ties with Taipei, the Taiwanese capital, and announced diplomatic relations with Beijing in 1979.

As of April, 13 countries — Belize, Haiti, Vatican City, Honduras, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, Palau, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tuvalu, and Guatemala — recognize Taiwan as an independent country, according to World Population review. According to CEN TV, Swaziland also recognizes Taiwan.

Nauru briefly stopped recognizing Taiwan as an independent country between 2002 and 2005, and Saint Lucia did the same between 1997 and 2007.

After China’s civil war, which lasted intermittently from August 1927 to December 1949, the governments in China and Taiwan both claimed to be the legitimate Chinese government, according to the World Population Review.

It started after the nationalist government of Taiwan was initially considered the real government of China, as it was the government before Chinese Communist Party (CCP) armies ousted the ruling nationalist government of China, which later fled to Taiwan, away from it. mainland China in 1949.

Consequently, Taiwan was given China’s seat at the United Nations and was recognized by many UN countries. However, the Communist Party of China, which continued to rule over mainland China, provided evidence that the Nationalist government that fled to Taiwan was not the legitimate government of China, as more than 98 percent of Chinese citizens lived in mainland China – approximately 540 million in 1950, compared to just 8 million in Taiwan.

The claims eventually led the UN to change its diplomatic recognition from the RoC in Taiwan to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in mainland China. As a result, the UN expelled Taiwan in 1971 and recognized the CCP/PRC as the official Chinese government.

If a nation or political entity wishes to establish diplomatic relations with the PRC, it should not officially recognize the RoC or Taiwan as independent, according to CEN TV. This also applies to international organizations such as the UN and the World Trade Organization.

Which countries recognize Taiwan’s independence? Pelosi trip raises questions – Canada Express News

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